Surveys are conducted by active searching in potential hiding places and breeding grounds such as pools, under rocks and leaf litter, etc. Tools such as hiking sticks for probing holes along catchwaters, snake hooks and tongs for catching snakes, hand nets for collecting tadpoles, etc. are employed.
For amphibian surveys, night-time auditory detection of calling males at breeding sites, and sampling of tadpoles and eggs in aquatic habitats, are also undertaken. For snake and lizard surveys, placing of cover boards to increase chances of encountering these animals are also used.